What are the Parts that Make the Disc Brake Function?
Most of the modern vehicles use a brake system that has disc brakes. They are referred to as this way because they use the force exerted on the discs attached to the wheels to slow and stop a car. When they are compared to drum brakes, the disc brakes offer greater stopping power and do not overheat at a rapid rate under the heavy use. There are some beginner level vehicles that use drum brakes on its rear, four wheel disc brakes are usually found on every common vehicle these days, which include high performance vehicles as well.
It is a circular disc that is bolted to the wheel hub that is spinning with the wheel. Rotors are usually made of cast iron or steel, but many high end cars use a carbon ceramic rotor. They can be slotted or drilled for better heat dissipation.
- Brake pads
A part that pushes into the rotor and creates a friction that slows and halts a car. They showcase a metal portion known as a shoe and a lining that is attached to a shoe. The lining comes in touch with a rotor and wears away with the use. Linings are composed of many materials and are found in 3 categories: organic, semi-metallic, and ceramic. The chosen lining material affects the length of brake life, the amount of noise heard when the brakes are used, and how rapidly the brakes halt a car.
The cylinder joined to the brake system hydraulics. The piston moves the CrossDrilledRotors.ca brake pads into the rotor when the driver uses the brake pedal. Many systems have a single piston that moves both pads while others have two that push the brake pads from each side of the rotor. Others have 4, 6 or 8 pistons for higher braking power, at the expenses of added costs and complexity.
It is a housing that fits over the rotor and holds the brake pads and piston and contains ducts for brake fluid. There are two kinds of brake calipers. Floating and fixed. The former floats over the rotor and has a piston on a single side. Fixed calipers apply brake pressure on an even side and clamp more firmly on the rotor. But floating calipers are found in most of the cars and are adequate for everyday driving.